It seems everyone’s talking about greenhouse gas emissions and
global warming. In California, public officials are taking a hard
look at the fact that electricity generation is one of the
biggest offenders; it’s one of the largest emitters of greenhouse
gases in the state.
As a nation, we’re generating a lot of waste. According to the
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), materials discarded
from building-related activities, known as construction and
demolition (C&D) debris, account for one-third of the total
waste generated in the United States.
Craig W. Hoellwarth is principal of GREEN INQ, a consulting ﬁrm
that provides green/sustainable planning and design services, and
can be reached at craig@GreenInq.com. John Deakin
is senior energy and sustainability manager for HDR/Brown Vence &
Associates, which specializes in solid waste management planning
and energy management consulting, and can be reached at John.Deakin@hdrinc.com.
Leslie Kramer is vice president of HDR/Brown Vence & Associates
and can be reached at Leslie.Kramer@hdrinc.com.
As energy costs rise and widespread concern about climate change
increases, cities can limit their greenhouse gas emissions and
save money by reducing energy use in municipal buildings and
investing in energy efficiency. This article explores questions
city officials should ask about energy use and efficiency so they
can make informed decisions about city buildings.
Linda Adams is the State of California’s secretary for
California has a long history of environmental leadership. When
Gov. Schwarzenegger asked me to head the California Environmental
Protection Agency (CalEPA), he told me, “I want clean air, clean
water and no excuses.”
The City of Irvine won an Award of Excellence in the Planning and
Environmental Quality category of the 2006 Helen Putnam Award for
Excellence program. For more information, visit www.cacities.org/helenputnam.
The City of Glendale won an Award of Excellence in the Planning
and Environmental Quality category of the 2006 Helen Putnam Award
for Excellence program. For more information, visit www.cacities.org/helenputnam.
Craig Labadie is city attorney for Concord and president of the
League’s City Attorneys Department. He can be reached
Labadie gratefully acknowledges the assistance provided by
Kourtney Burdick, the League’s deputy general counsel, in
drafting this article.
The purpose of the Public Records Act (PRA) is to give the public
access to information that enables them to monitor the
functioning of their government.1 Its fundamental
precept is that governmental records shall be disclosed to the
public, upon request, unless there is a specific reason not to do
so.2 Most of the reasons for withholding a record are
set forth in the PRA.
The California story is about growth. Since the Gold Rush, people
have come to California from every corner of the earth, seeking
wealth and opportunity, fleeing long winters and harsh
governments, and looking for the chance to build a new life. The
population has doubled, redoubled and doubled again. Looking
ahead, demographers at the state Department of Finance project
that our population will continue to grow from 37 million today
to more than 50 million by 2040.
Hans Johnson Ph.D. is a demographer and research fellow at the
Public Policy Institute of California. He is the author of
numerous reports on the state’s changing population, all of which
are available at www.ppic.org.
Any number of superlatives could be used to describe California’s
astounding growth. The state’s population, which has doubled
since 1965, consists of more than 37 million people today. That
growth sets California apart from the rest of the developed
world. During the 20th century, California grew at a faster rate
than any other large developed region on earth. The state’s
population now exceeds that of all but 32 countries. To put it
another way, California’s population is larger by several million
than all of Canada’s, and within the next 10 years it is likely
to surpass that of Spain.